## Elements of Calculating the Sauriol Success Matrix (SSM)

By David Sauriol
1 January, 2018

The Sauriol Success Matrix was introduced here to illustrate how a general categorization statistic can be useful, even if it doesn’t explicitly incorporate a lot of analytical methods. That article, however, did not give the details of how the method generates its categorization. This article is about that and, since it has details, it may not be of interest to the general reader.

Recreating the SSM

One of the best features of the SSM is that it is reasonably simple to reproduce. All of the required statistics to recreate it are available from the 1981 season onward. The statistics required will be detailed further in the SSM rules and coding instructions below. The primary statistics needed to make all the calculations are these:

·        A data base of NBA player career totals since 1981

·        A data base of all NBA individual player seasons since 1981

The SSM is hierarchical classification system that encompasses 22 rules. Although not all 22 rules are presently applicable to the SSM’s output they are there to account for future add-ons. As each tier is hierarchical in nature the rules within tiers all have an “or” statement allowing the next lower rule within the tier to also be applicable for player assignment to their respective tier.

Please see the rules below beginning with the Superstar tier and ending with drafted NBA players that did not ever play an NBA minute. Additionally added are some supplementary excel coding instructions and applicable definitions.

Superstar

1) Receiving an NBA MVP Award; or

- Coding instruction: Players that have 1 or more MVP awards

2) Making Multiple All NBA first teams

-Coding instruction: Players that have been selected to 2 of more All NBA first teams

Star

3) Making one All NBA first team; or

- Coding Instruction: Players that have been selected to exactly 1 All NBA first team during their career

4) Making multiple All NBA Second or Third Teams; or

- Coding Instruction: Players that have been selected a cumulative total of 2 or more All NBA second or third teams. (Ex: Player A has made 1 All NBA second team and 1 All NBA third team has a cumulative total of 2.)

5) Making multiple all-star teams

- Coding instruction: Players that have been selected to 2 or more all-star games during their career.

Note: Between all NBA 2nd and 3rd teams and all-star appearances players must have 2 appearances in at least one of those categories; for instance, 2 all NBA 2nd or 3rd teams and 1 all-star game, or 2 all-star games and 0 all NBA 2nd or 3rd teams, etc. When this is not achieved a player defaults to seasons played, games started and minutes averaged to determine a classification between: Starter, Reserve/ Spot Starter, and Reserve.

Starter

6) Starting and averaging more than 30 MPG for their career; or

- Coding Instructions:

A)     A player who has started more than 50% of their career games,

B)     averaged more than 30 MPG played for their career

C)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

7) Starting and averaging more than 30 MPG for multiple seasons; or

- Coding Instructions:

A)     A player that has started more than 50% of their career games

B)     Had 2 or more INDIVIDUAL seasons during their career averaging more than 30 MPG

C)     Has a career MPG under 30

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

8) Starting and having one season averaging more than 30 MPG; or

- Coding instructions:

A)     A player that has started more than 50% of their career games

B)     Had 1 INDIVIDUAL season during their career averaging 30 MPG

C)     Has a career MPG under 30

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

9) Starting a majority of career games

-Coding instructions:

A)     A player that has started more than 50% of their career games

B)     Had zero individual seasons averaging more than 30 MPG

C)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

Reserve/ Spot Starter

10) Starting the majority of games for at least one season; or

- Coding instructions

A)     A player has started more than 41 games for 1 season

B)     A player started at least 25% of their career games

C)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

11) Starting between 20 - 40 games per season for their career; or

- Coding instructions:

A)     A player averaged between 20.0 and 40.99 starts for their career

B)     Not had a season with more than 41 starts

C)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

12) Starting between 20 – 40 games for more than one season

- Coding instructions:

A)     A player that started between 20 and 40 games for 2 or more individual seasons

B)     Not had a season with more than 41 starts

C)      Not averaging more than 19.99 starts per season for their career

D)     Has started 25% of their career games

E)      Played a minimum of 2 seasons

Reserve

13) Starting between 20 – 40 games for one season; or

- Coding Instructions:

A)     A player that has started between 20 and 40 games for 1 individual season

B)      Averaged a minimum of 30 games played per season for their career

C)     Not averaging more than 19.99 starts for their career games played for their career

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

14) Reserve role, but averaging more than 20 MPG for career; or

- Coding Instructions:

A)     Starting less than 20 games every season of their career

B)     Averaging more than 20 MPG for career

C)     Averaged a minimum of 30 games played per season for their career

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

15) Reserve role with multiple 20 MPG seasons; or

- Coding Instructions:

Starting less than 20 games every season of their career

A)     Averaging more than 20 MPG for 2 of more INDIVIDUAL seasons

B)     Averaging less than 20 MPG for career

C)     Averaged a minimum of 30 games played per season for their career

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

16) Reserve role having had one 20 MPG season; or

- Coding instructions:

A)     Starting less than 20 games every season of their career

B)     Averaging more than 20 MPG for 1 INDIVIDUAL seasons

C)     Averaged a minimum of 30 games played per season for their career

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

17) Reserve role (7.5 – 19.9 MPG) playing more than 41 games for multiple seasons

- Coding instructions:

A)     Starting less than 20 games every season of their career

B)     Averaging between 7.5 – 19.99 MPG and playing 41 games that season 2 or more times.

C)     Averaged a minimum of 30 games played per season for their career

D)     Played a minimum of 2 seasons

Fringe

18) Inconsistent playing time across multiple seasons; or

- Coding instructions:

A)     Averaging less than 30 games played for career; or more than 30 games but less than 7.5 MPG for career

B)     2 of more seasons meeting the criteria of A)

19) Inconsistent playing time for 1 NBA season; or

- Coding instructions:

A)     Less than 41 games played; or more than 41 games but less than 7.5 MPG

B)     Only 1 career NBA season

20) Playing in only one NBA season; or

- Coding instructions:

A) Only 1 career NBA season played

21) Playing in 1 career NBA game; or

- Coding Instructions

A)     1 career NBA game played

Never Played

22) Drafted or signed by an NBA team but never played

Definitions

Multiple: More than one

Majority: More than half

Starting: Starting more than 50% of career games

Reserve Role: Not having multiple seasons starting more than 20 games

Inconsistent Playing Time: Averaging less than 30 games played per season or more than 30 games but less than 7.5 MPG for career