Phoebe Ann Hincher

                            ┌── William Hincher
                            │    1801-<1880
Phoebe Ann Hincher ─────────┤
B: 1835                     │
D: 1914                     │
                            └── Charlotte Carroll
M: James Linville Bumgarner

Phoebe Ann Hincher     [ID 02224] Click here to switch to Ahnentafel view: Ahnentafel View

Phoebe Ann Hincher1 [Phoebe Ann Hinshaw2, Phebe An Hinchey3].

Born Mar 25 1835, Miller's Creek, Wilkes County, North Carolina.1,2,4,5,6,7  

She married James Linville Bumgarner, Mar 6 1854.1,4  A marriage bond was recorded for Phebe An Hinchey & James L. Bumgarner on Mar 6 1854, Orange County, North Carolina.  Bondsman: Wm Patterson.  They were married Mar 5 1854 [sic] by A. A. Whittenton, Justice of the Peace.3  

James, son of Stephen Alexander Bumgarner & Rebecca Nichols, was born Oct 7 1832, Fishdam Creek, Wilkes County, North Carolina.1,4,6,7,8  


George Washington Bumgarner, born Jan 7 1856; died Feb 16 1937; married Mary Elizabeth Nichols.
Mary Bumgarner, born 1858; died 1863.
Emily/Ellen Bumgarner, born 1860; died 1863.
Phoebe Mariah Bumgarner, born Jul 15 1864; died Jul 14 1950; married Thomas Harmon Cole.
James Linville Bumgarner, born Jul 7 1867; died Nov 1 1941; married Bessie Ryan McNiel.
Carrie E. Bumgarner, born Jan 1 1870; died Oct 8 1879.
Grant Bumgarner, born Jul 14 1872; died Oct 3 1879.

Phoebe and family were shown in the 1880 census, Reddies River, Wilkes County, North Carolina:5

Bumgarner, J.L., age 49, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; farmer.
Bumgarner, P.A., wife, age 44, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; keeping house; can read, cannot write.
Bumgarner, P.M., daughter, age 15, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; attended school.
Bumgarner, Jos. L., son, age 12, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; labors on farm; attended school.
Hinchey, Charlotte, mother-in-law, age 71, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; widow; cannot read or write.

Phoebe and family were shown in the 1900 census (Jun 11 1900), Reddies River Township, Wilkes County, North Carolina:6

Bumgarner, James L., head-of-household, age 67, born Oct 1832 in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; married 45 years; occupation: farmer; owned farm (free); cannot write.
Bumgarner, Phebie A., wife, age 66, born Mch 1835 in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; married 45 years; 7 children, 3 living; cannot write.
Bumgarner, Millard F., grandson, age 17, born July 1882 in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; attended school 9 months.
Hinshaw, Charlotte, mother-in-law, age 92, born June 1808 in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; widow; 8 children, 4 living; cannot read or write.
Huffman, Virdie, "orphant", age 8, born Mch 1892 in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; cannot read or write.

Phoebe Ann Hincher died Dec 20 1914, Miller's Creek, Wilkes County, North Carolina.1,4,7  

James died Apr 12 1921, Miller's Creek, Wilkes County, North Carolina.1,4,7  

A biographical sketch of James Linville Bumgarner was published in "A Genealogy of Stephen Bumgarner 1811-1901," by Flora B. Friend (c1983, Hunter Publishing Company, Winston-Salem, North Carolina):7

Rev. JAMES LINVILLE BUMGARNER (7 Oct 1832 - 12 Apr 1921) the eldest child and first son of Stephen and Rebecca, was married 6 Mar 1854 to PHOEBE ANN HINCHER (25 Mar 1835 - 20 Dec 1914) daughter of William and Charlotte Carroll Hincher.  William and Charlotte were married in Orange County before moving to Wilkes to live and rear their family.  Phoebe was the fourth of their eight children.  Phoebe's children and grandchildren remembered her as a kind and generous lady.  She had one vice.  She smoked a pipe.  But she didn't let many people know it, although pipe-smoking was not unusual for women of her day.  

Reverend Jim led a busy life.  He was a better-than-average farmer, an itinerant preacher of the Methodist faith, and a second lieutenant in the Home Militia during the War Between the States.  He also had several avocations with which he occupied his spare time.  

Jim's work week began early Monday morning and continued until Sunday noon.  Then he would come in, eat, bathe, dress, and set out on foot to one of his churches, perhaps Poplar Grove or Obids (the latter a fifteen-mile climb up and over the Blue Ridge).  Reaching his appointed post, he would spend the night with one of his parishioners, attend to his pastoral duties on Sunday morning, and walk home on Sunday afternoon, to be ready for the farm again on Monday.  

When farm work was slack in winter, Jim used a team of big oxen to haul lumber from Tom Broyhill's mill, in the Miller Creek area, to North Wilkesboro.  One of the oxen, Buck, belonged to Jim, and the other belonged to his son-in-law, Tom Cole.  

The choice crop, and one which gave Jim much pride, was the Red Spanish sweet potato.  The preparation of the ground, and the harvesting and storing of this crop were major undertakings - too much for the family to do alone.  This tribe of Bumgarners did not believe in owning slaves, but they did at times need extra help.  So, for this project, Jim hired his favorite hands, Morrison and Delphia McGlamery.  In addition to being good workers, they understood how carefully the potatoes had to be handled.  They knew that the slightest bruise or break would cause the tubers to spoil, and they acted accordingly.  So, spring and fall would usually find the McGlamerys working with Jim in his sweet potato patch.  The rich harvest was tenderly stored in the cellar to provide the family with their favorite breakfast of sweet potatoes, ham, and red-eye gravy through the winter, and to share with neighbors and friends who came as guests or cash customers.  Before planting time in the spring, the remaining potatoes were taken out of storage and sorted into two lots, one for eating and one for planting.  Then, people would come from miles around to purchase seed from Jim's stock.  

Jim's military service began in 1863, when he was commissioned by Governor Zebulon B. Vance as Second Lieutenant in the 68th Battalion of the North Carolina Militia for Home Defense.  He served until after the end of the war.  

This, 1863, was a red letter year for tragedy struck the home.  An epidemic took the lives of two daughters, Mary and Emily, the second and third of the children.  Sixteen years later a diphtheria epidemic took two more.  Carrie, the sixth child, and Grant, the seventh died within five days of each other.  The three surviving children grew to adulthood, married, and reared large families, giving Jim and Phoebe altogether thirty-four grandchildren.  The deceased children were: 1-2 MARY BUMGARNER (1858/1863); 1-3 EMILY BUMGARNER (1860/1863); 1-6 CARRIE E. BUMGARNER (1 Jan 1870/8 Oct 1879); and 1-7 GRANT BUMGARNER (14 July 1872/3 Oct 1879).  

One of Jim's avocations placed his services in demand whenever a male member of the community died.  It was Jim who was called upon to bathe, dress, and "lay out" the body before burial.  He would do his job while the homemade wooden coffin was being built.  Once Jim was on his way to visit a neighbor, Tom Rash, who lived just over the hill, and who had been ill for some time.  As he approached, he looked toward the barn and saw Tom leaning against the fence, gazing at his cattle, which he prized.  Jim headed in that direction, but when he looked again, Tom had disappeared, so he went on to the house.  At the door he was met by a tearful member of the household, who told him that they were about to send for him.  Tom had just passed away.  Perhaps it was a coincidence that he arrived at that precise moment, but coincidence would hardly explain why he saw Tom at the barn fence.  

Jim's home, like his father's was a haven for the needy.  Their grandson, Millard, became a member of the family in 1894, when he needed special care.  He grew up with them as their son, and was their principle heir.  In the home at one time were two sisters, Myra and Nan Whitworth, who gave and received help as did others.  Many were those who partook of this home's generosity and benevolence.  Jim and Phoebe hold a place of great respect and worth in the history of Wilkes County.

(photo)Photo: Phoebe Ann Hincher about 1910 10

(photo)Photo: James Linville Bumgarner about 1910 10


  1. Contribution from Cathryn Barnes ().
  2. The Church Of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) International Genealogical Index (IGI) - North Carolina.
  3. North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1741-1868. Provo, UT:, 2000.
  4. The Church Of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) computerized Ancestral File.
  5. 1880 census, Reddies River, Wilkes County, North Carolina; roll T9-0987, ED 221, page 196B, line #23, dwelling #45, family #45.
  6. 1900 census, Reddies River Township, Wilkes County, North Carolina; roll T623-1224, ED 155, page 7B, line #70, dwelling #133, family #134.
  7. Contribution from Gail Rich Nestor () citing:
    "A Genealogy of Stephen Bumgarner 1811-1901," by Flora B. Friend; pg 6-9.
  8. RootsWeb WorldConnect data from: Thomas Untiedt ().
  9. RootsWeb WorldConnect data from: Robert Palmer Rhoads ().
  10. Photo courtesy of Gail Rich Nestor ().

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