John Garner Hinshaw

 1. William Henshall  m Margerie Gyll 
 2.. Thomas Henshall (?-c1631) m - Kendrick 
 3... John Henshall (1611-c1687) m Elizabeth - 
 4.... William Hinshaw (?-1699) m Elizabeth - 
 5..... Thomas Hinshaw (c1680-?) m Mary Marshall (c1685-?)
 6...... Absolom Hinshaw (1728-?) m Rebecca Haddock 
 7....... Absolom Hinshaw (1752-1830) m Elizabeth Hinshaw (c1753-1833)
 8........ Joseph Hinshaw (1791-1867) m Sarah Ratcliff (1797-1878)
 9......... John Garner Hinshaw (1836-1912)
            +Maria Hockett (1836-1903)
10..........  Lewis Henshaw (1857-1864) 1,2,3
10..........  Jasper Hinshaw (1859-1864) 1,2,3
10..........  Allie Hinshaw (1861-1864) 1,3
10..........  Anna Hinshaw (1864-1958) 1,3,4,5
10..........  Ora Hinshaw (1866->1932) 1,3,4
10..........  Elva Hinshaw (1869-1946) 1,3,4
10..........  Ethel Hinshaw (1877-1879) 1,3
10..........  Homer Hinshaw (1881-1895) 1,3,4
John Garner Hinshaw     [ID 04431] Click here to switch to Ancestror Tree view: Tree View

John Garner Hinshaw3 [Garner Hinshaw1,3,6,7].

Born 6-13-18363 [6-13-18311,2,4,8], Westboro, Jefferson Twp., Clinton County, Ohio3.  

Garner was shown in the 1850 census, Jefferson District, Clinton County, Ohio.6  Also living nearby was brother Amos and their father Joseph.6  

He married Maria Hockett1,3,4,8,9,10 [Mariah Hockett10], Sep 1 18551,3,4,8,9,10, Clinton, Ohio1,3,4,8,9,10.  Maria, daughter of Curtis Hockett & Lydia Summer, was born 11-11-1836, Ohio.1,2,3,8  

Garner and family were shown in the 1860 census (Jun 26 1860), Westborough, Clinton County, Ohio:2

Garner Henshaw, age 29, born in Ohio; clerk; $1,000 personal property.
Maria Henshaw, age 24, born in Ohio.
Lewis Henshaw, age 3, born in Ohio.
Jasper Henshaw, age 1, born in Ohio.

On Aug 30 1864, Garner Hinshaw, age 33, enlisted as a private in Company C, 175th Ohio Infantry, Union Army.11,12,13  

Following are excerpts of some of the letters Garner wrote during the Civil War, written to his wife Maria Hockett and saved by his daughter Elva Hinshaw Painter:14

October 2, 1864
Columbia, Tenn.

When this letter was written, Garner Hinshaw was forty-five miles from Nashville.  He said "The people here are all willing to live under the constitution as it was and all for McCellan.  They say if he is elected president we will have peace, but if Lincoln is elected there will be war for four years."  He said in this letter, that he had been very sick for a few days with bowel trouble.  He seemed to be homesick and said that he had never known what it was to be sick away from home.  

A short time before he went to war his three oldest children (two boys and little girl) died with diphtheria.  His letters he refers to his daughter and asks to have a picture of her sent to him.  In this letter he said, "Last night I dreamed of seeing my three little children.  They looked so natural and were so merry and lively.  I reckon I was as happy as I will ever be in this world.  But when I woke up I found all of my pleasure had vanished and I was among strangers and far from home.  You can imagine my feelings for I can't describe them."

October 11, 1864
Camp Denison

I am at camp.  The regiment left here just at dark.  There was dress parade for two hours before we went to the cars.  I did intend to go with them but was given out when we for to the train.  My knapsack and ll that I had is on the train.  I have nothing left but my gun.  I got Carey Hodson's overcoat of him just as the train was pulling out.  He said that he would look after my clothing and take care of it.  I am left here with John Vandervort and William Traville to make out Muster Rolls which will take three or four days; then we will follow the regiment to Nashville, Tenn.  I would rather have gone with them than to have stayed here.  Captain Deniston told me not to go out.  Before the regiment started the boys all drew two days rations, raw pork and bread was all they got.

October 29, 1864
Columbia, Tenn.  

I am improving slowly.  Josiah Deniston and A. J. Hodson made an application to have me sent home but failed.  The doctors said that I ought never to have volunteered.  I had better given all that I had for a substitute than to have come myself, but they could not send me home unless they would make oath that it was the only means of saving life and for me to be very careful what I ate and take good care of myself and they thought I would get along.  If I was put on duty to come to them and they would excuse me.  

I am going to have to give up chewing tobacco.  It will go hard with me but I must do everything in my power to gain my health and if I am spared to get home it will be the last time I ever will volunteer.  

I don't believe there are ten union men in this country and I don't believe a person would be safe here one minute if it were not for the soldiers.  They have nearly all taken the oath but they are all for the South.

November 19, 1864
Carters Creek
Block House #5

We have a very nice place here to stay and good comfortable quarters.  They are log huts covered with boards and have good fire places.  We have plenty to eat here.  

We hear that Hood is coming in the direction.  There are thousands of soldiers passing here every day going south.

December 3, 1864
Nashville, Tenn.  

The Rebels attacked our forces on Thursday.  I was clerking in the Provost Marchall Office and would never want a better birth than I had then.  I went up on the hill and watched them fight all the afternoon.  I could see the lines for miles.  I never want to see any more fighting.  They fought all the next day.  

At four o'clock we packed all of the things in a wagon and I was sent as a guard.  On Tuesday, Col. McCoy was ordered to take what men he had and go to Thompson Station.  There were teams and 44 prisoners.  We got there just after dark.  We had been there but a few minutes when word came that the Rebels were coming, but they did not come that night.  The Col. had camp fires built all around on the hills.  If they had come in sight they would have thought there were then thousand men.  The next day they did come and we were all ordered to form a line on a high hill.  When we got up there the Col. saw we were surrounded.  We could see them coming.  They ordered all of the teams to make for Franklin and William Hockett, Thomas Moon and myself were ordered to go with the team as guard for the wagon that had the Colonel's things in it.  We had to come about one hundred yards before we came into pike.  We could see them forming on a high hill along the Pike.  The teams were ll put at full speed.  I was riding a mule and William Hockett had a horse and we kept by the side of the wagon.  When we got about opposite them they commenced firing on us more than a mile.  They could not get down the hill to us and they ran their horses on the hill above us.  They made a charge on us but we were a little ahead of them.  They took every wagon behind us and would have taken us if it had not been that some of our Calvary came meeting us and fell in behind us and checked them until we got out of the way.  The whole train drove nine miles in one and a half hours.  The boys at the station nearly all escaped.  They went back the other way and joined our forces at Springhill.  Our regiment was in a very hard fight at Franklin.  I am still guarding the wagon.  This I do not like for it has no cover and it has rained nearly all of the time for three days and nights.  They think that Franklin will not be attacked and if it is there will be an awful fight.  I heard yesterday our regiment was attacked to 23 Army corp. and Casus Brigade.  Direct letters to 175 Regiment o. Vol. Nashville, Tenn.  I had a letter from John Sinclair (brother-in-law) He is at Nashville.  He is in the 13 Ind. Calvary.

December 14, 1864
Fort Negley.  

Our regiment is attached to the Fourth Division leaves.  There is fighting here everyday but nothing more than skirmishing.  Yesterday I saw several of our men that were killed last Friday lying in the field.  

I wish that you could see a Regiment of Rebels.  I saw Colonels that were not dressed any better than gypsies.  I have seen a little of the effects of war.  I have seen women who had to leave their children by the side of the road.  I picked up one little boy that was left and brought him about eight miles and set him out in the road.  I would like to come home and take Christmas dinner with you but expect, if I am living, to make my dinner on hard tack and coffee.

December 15, 1864
Fort Negley.  

We had marching orders at 6 o'clock, but have not gone yet.  There has been some very hard fighting here today.  A continual roar of Cannons and Musketry.  It is reported that this evening that our forces drove them some three miles on our right.  Our guns have been fighting nearly all day.  We can see the lines of both armies for four or five miles around.  This makes six or seven days that I have been where I could see them fighting.  But I would be glad if I would never see any more of it.  It is an awful sight to see men make a charge and I would not like to be in one.  I have no doubt but that hundreds and maybe thousands have been sent to their long home today.  

I think tomorrow will settle their fighting here.  I think they will find it is useless to try to take this place.

January 4, 1865.  

I am writing to tell you that I am at Columbia once more.  I left Nashville on Christmas morning.  We were three days marching to Carter's Creek where the Company is stationed.  I am clerking here in the Provo Marshall Offices.  Captain Denison is Provo Marshall.  This is the pleasantest berth I ever had in my life.  I think I can get along fine if Captain can only hold his position and I think the he will until spring anyway.  General Thomas and staff stopped here today on the way to Nashville.  Columbia does not look much like it did when we were here before.  Nearly every house has a sutter shop in it.  The people are very kind.  The hotel keeper sent Captain word that he would come and board with him free of charge.  The Rebels are coming in all the time giving themselves up.

February 25, 1865
Columbia, Tenn.  

We have had a change in the Provo Marshal Office.  Captain J. M. Hiestand is Provo Marshal and I think a very fine man.  I think as much of him as any officer in the Regiment.  We will continue in the office as Hiestand is not willing for us to leave and the Col. says we shall not go.  I am very willing to stay.

March 17, 1865
Columbia Tenn.  

A big rain has taken away bridges on Carter's Creek and 100 feet of the bridge over Duchin River.

April 2, 1865

[apparently summarized/paraphrased by lva Hinshaw Painter] He spoke in this letter of working very hard.  He said the only time he was off duty was from 5 o'clock until dark.  Before the war, he said he was getting a little tired of the store but would gladly trade places now.  In telling of his work, he said "I generally on Saturdays and Mondays fills and register 250 passes, the rest of the week it rune from 100-150.  I am very thankful I have as good a berth as I have.  I would rather stay here than go out and be on guard duty."

April 26, 1865

I have been fishing this afternoon. This is the first half day that I have had since I came here.

April 5, 1865
Columbia, Tenn.  

Yesterday was a day of great rejoicing here, the downfall of Riekman and Petersburg.  Col. McCoy was at Nashville, Tenn.  He sent a dispatch down for all the drinking saloons to be opened and for every soldier to get drunk who wanted to, and to bring the Artillery on the square and fire 36 rounds at the arrival of the 10 o'clock train.  Everything went along well enough until about twelve when they got to carrying on rather strong and Captain Heistand went to the Col. and got permission to close the saloons and by evening all was quiet.  It is generally thought the war is about over.  The citizens here have long faces.  They did not believe Richmond could be taken.

May 21, 1865

The Paroled Rebels are coming as thick as hope for the last few days.  There were about two hundred pass through here today.

At Newberry MM (Ohio) on 3-19-1866, John Garner & wife Maria & daughter Anna were received by request.3  

At Newberry MM on 3-23-1874, Garner & wife Maria and children Anna, Orrie, & Elva were granted a certificate to Wilmington MM, Ohio.3  

At Wilmington MM on 4-17-1874, Garner & wife Maria H. and children Annie, Orris, & Elva were received on a certificate from Newberry MM dated 1874,3,23.3  

John Garner and family were shown in the 1880 census (Jun 9 1880), West Locust Street, Wilmington, Clinton County, Ohio:15

Hinshaw, Garner, age 48, born in Ohio; parents born in North Carolina; merchant.
Hinshaw, Maria, wife, age 43, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; keeping house.
Hinshaw, Ora, daughter, age 13, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; attended school.
Hinshaw, Elva, daughter, age 11, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; attended school.
Hockett, Clara, sister-in-law, age 20, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; keeping house.

Garner was shown in the 1890 special census of Civil War Union veterans (Jun 1890), Wilmington Township, Clinton County, Ohio:13

Hinshaw, Garner, private, Company C, 175th Ohio Infantry; enlisted Aug 30 1864; discharged June 1865; served 10 months, 27 days; post office address: Wilmington, Clinton County, Ohio; disability: "diarrhaea, piles & calrrik".

Maria died Jan 22 1903, Wilmington MM, Ohio; age 66.1,3,8,16  

Maria's obituary was published in "The American Friend" on February 5, 1903 (page 98).16  

Garner was shown in the 1910 census, living in the household of daughter Elva in Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio:17

Painter, Joseph H., head-of-household, age 44, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; first marriage, married 20 years; occupation: teacher, school; owned home.
Painter, Elva H., wife, age 41, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; first marriage, married 20 years; 3 children, 3 living.
Painter, Donald H., son, age 15, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; attended school.
Painter, Joseph H. Jr., son, age 14, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; attended school.
Painter, Helen M., daughter, age 13, born in Ohio; parents born in Ohio; attended school.
Hinshaw, Garner, father, age 78, born in Ohio; parents born in North Carolina; widower.

John Garner Hinshaw died Mar 20 1912.1,8  

A biographical sketch of Garner Hinshaw was published in the "History of Western Ohio and Auglaize County" (C.W. Williamson, 1905), Union Township, Clinton County, Ohio:4

GARNER HINSHAW, Wilmington, of the firm Hinshaw & Andrew, was born at Westboro, Jefferson Township, this county, June 13, 1831.  His father was Joseph Hinshaw, a native of North Carolina.  He came to Clinton County at a very early day, locating in Jefferson Township where he was a pioneer farmer for many years.  He died in 1874.  Mr. Hinshaw's mother was Sarah Ratcliff, also a native of North Carolina.  She departed this life in 1875.  Mr. Hinshaw's childhood and youth was passed on a farm, and at the age of twenty years he went to Westboro and engaged in the dry goods business.  Being well known throughout that part of the county, he soon gained quite a little trade, which he managed successfully until 1872, when he removed to Wilmington.  He engaged in the same business in his new location, and carried it on alone until November, 1872 when R. E. Andrew was admitted to a partnership, and the firm name changed to Hinshaw & Andrew.  The trade of the firm has steadily increased to the present time, and its members rank among the better class of business men of Wilmington.  Mr. Hinshaw is a member of the Royal Arcanum, and was reared a Republican and has always believed in its principles, yet he is a firm Prohibitionist.  He was united in marriage, September 1, 1855 to Maria, daughter of Lewis Hockett.  Of the eight children born to this union four survive - Annie, Orie, Elva and Homer L.  Mr. Hinshaw and wife have birthrights in the Society of Friends, and their children are members of the same.


  1. Family group sheets contributed by Melissa Kay Hinshaw Owens
  2. 1860 census, Westborough P.O., Westborough, Clinton County, Ohio; roll M653-946, page 406, line #13, dwelling #958, family #958.
  3. "Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy", by William Wade Hinshaw, in many well-stocked libraries.
  4. Ohio County and Family Histories, 1780-1970; Clinton County Biograpgical Sketches, page 871;
  5. Contribution from Melissa Kay Hinshaw Owens citing:
    Anna Hinshaw's obituary, Wilmington (Ohio) daily newspaper, May, 1958.
  6. 1850 census, Clinton County, Ohio; page 235.
  7. Contribution from Melissa Kay Hinshaw Owens citing:
    Anna Hinshaw obituary, Wilmington (Ohio) newspaper, May, 1958.
  8. "Hinshaw Family": a collection of family group sheets by Edna Harvey Joseph; LDS FHL microfilm #1572018 items 8-10 and #1572019 items 1-4
  9. Contribution from Melissa Kay Hinshaw Owens.
  10. The Church Of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) International Genealogical Index (IGI) - Ohio.
  11. "The American Civil War Research Database", Ancestry, Inc.
  12. Ohio County and Family Histories, 1780-1970; Clinton County Biograpgical Sketches, page 727;
  13. 1890 special census of Civil War Union veterans, Wilmington Township, Clinton County, Ohio; roll 65, ED 279, page 4, line #45, house #176, family #179.
  14. Contribution from Melissa Kay Hinshaw Owens citing:
    John Garner Hinshaw war letters, saved by Elva Hinshaw Painter.
  15. 1880 census, Wilmington, Clinton County, Ohio; roll T9-1001, ED 63, page 185B, line #41, dwelling #209, family #232.
  16. Earlham College Library; "American Friend Obituary Index":
  17. 1910 census, 4th Ward, Precinct B, Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio; ED 66, page 179A, line #18, dwelling #402, family #424.

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