Thomas Delma Hinshaw

                                                 ┌── Jacob A. Hinshaw
                                                 │    1778-1826 
                         ┌── Thomas J. Hinshaw ──┤
                         │    1822-1896          │
                         │                       └── Phebe Allen
                         │                            1789-1869 
Thomas Delma Hinshaw ────┤
B: 1873                  │                       ┌── Aaron Mills
D: 1944                  │                       │
                         └── Sarah Mills ────────┤
                              1826-1904          │
                                                 └── Rebecca Small
M: Mabel Rogene Lawrence
   ├── Asahel Delma Hinshaw (1899-1959) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
   ├── Ada Blanche Hinshaw (1902-) 3,4,5,7,8
   ├── Emma Hazel Hinshaw (1904-1999) 3,4,5,7,8
   └── Mabel Ruth Hinshaw (1906-1989) 3,4,5,7,8,9

Thomas Delma Hinshaw     [ID 01177] Click here to switch to Ahnentafel view: Ahnentafel View

Born Jun 12 18732,4,5,10,11,12,13,14,15,16, on his parents' farm, near Winchester, Randolph County, Indiana2,4,5,10,11,12,13,14,15,16 [Wayne County, Indiana1,17].  

He married Mabel Rogene Lawrence, Oct 20 1898, Wakeeney, Trego County, Kansas.1,4  Mabel, daughter of Asahel Peck Lawrence & Julia Etta / Juliaette "Ettie" Avery, was born Mar 25 1876, on her father's farm, Clay County, Kansas.2,3,4,5,16,18  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1900 census (Jun 12-13 1900), Wakeeney Township, Trego County, Kansas:2

Hinshaw, Thomas, head-of-household, age 26, born June 1873 in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; married 1 year; occupation: farmer; owned farm (free).
Hinshaw, Mabel L., wife, age 24, born Mar 1876 in Kansas; parents born in Vermont; married 1 year; 1 child, 1 living.
Hinshaw, Asahel D., son, age 8 months, born Sept 1899 in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas.
Living nearby in 1900 was the family of brother Alva.19  

Thomas served two terms as Sheriff of Trego County, Kansas, and then three terms as Sheriff of Clay County, Kansas.  Thomas and Mabel later moved to Phoenix, Arizona.3  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1910 census (Apr 29 1910), Clay Center, Clay County, Kansas:5

Hinshaw, Thomas, head-of-household, age 36, born in Indiana; parents born in Indiana; first marriage, married 12 years; occupation: plasterer.
Hinshaw, Mabel, wife, age 33, born in Kansas; parents born in Vermont; first marriage, married 12 years; 4 children, 4 living.
Hinshaw, Asahel, son, age 10, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas; attended school.
Hinshaw, Ada, daughter, age 9, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas; attended school.
Hinshaw, Hazel, daughter, age 6, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas; attended school.
Hinshaw, Ruth, daughter, age 4, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas.

On Sep 12 1918 Thomas Delma Hinshaw, age 45, registered for the World War I draft in Clay Center, Clay County, Kansas.  He declared he was born June 12 1873, and was then residing at 622 Blunt, Clay Center, Kansas, a self-employed "plasterer & brick man".  He declared his nearest relative was Mable Hinshaw of the same address.  He was recorded as tall, medium build, brown eyes, black hair.14  

During World War I, Thomas served as a private in Company "A," 19th Battalion, Clay Center, Kansas State Guard20 (incorrectly recorded in the roster as "T.D. Henshaw").20  Son Ashel also served as a private in the same company.20  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1920 census (Jan 13 1920), Belmont St. [unclear], Clay Center, Clay County, Kansas:15

Hinshaw, Thomas, head-of-household, age 46, born in Indiana; parents born in United States; owned home; [occupation unclear].
Hinshaw, Mabel, wife, age 42, born in Kansas; parents born in Vermont; occupation: juvenile officer, county.
Hinshaw, Ada, daughter, age 18, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas.
Hinshaw, Hazel, daughter, age 15, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas; attended school.
Hinshaw, Ruth, daughter, age 13, born in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Kansas; attended school.
Crawford, Guy, roomer, age 27 [unclear], born in Kansas; father born in Illinois; mother born in Kentucky; single; occupation: clerk, grocery store.

Thomas and Mabel moved to Phoenix, Arizona about 1926.17  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1930 census (Apr 15 1930), 1332 E. Taylor, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona:16

Hinshaw, Thomas D., head-of-household, age 57, born in Indiana; parents born in United States; first married at age 21; owned home ($4500 value); radio in home; occupation: plasterer, house; not a veteran.
Hinshaw, Mabel, wife, age 54, born in Kansas; parents born in Vermont; first married at age 21.
Hinshaw, Betty L., granddaughter, age 6, born in Kansas; father born in Kansas; mother born in United States; attended school.
Also living in Phoenix in 1930 was the family of son Asahel.21  

In 1944 Thomas was still residing at 1332 E. Taylor, Phoenix, Arizona.17  

Thomas Delma Hinshaw died Mar 22 1944, at his home, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona; age 71 years 2 months 10 days.1,3,17  Medical: Thomas died from cerebral hemorhage due to arterioschlerosis.17  His cremains were placed in the grave with his wife when she later died.3  

Mabel died Dec 23 1965, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona; buried Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery, 2300 West Van Buren Street, Phoenix, Arizona.1,3  

The following biographical sketch of Thomas & Mabel and their children was written by their grandson, Lawrence Hinshaw, with material provided by Ethel Griffing:3

Juliaette Avery, youngest daugter of George and Delilah (Cummings) Avery, grew up in Vermont and there married Asahel Peck Lawrence (1843-1928), who had joined the Vermont Green Mountain Boys during the Civil War as a 14 year old drummer boy.  In 1868 the young couple, encouraged by glowing reports of her parents regarding land in Kansas, joined the others of the Avery family homesteading in Kansas.  "A.P." was no farmer, but Juliaette was.  "Ettie", as she was affectionately known, managed the farm well and, with the help of her brothers, the farm prospered.  It was a staggering blow when she died of a fever, leaving two small daughters.  

A.P. remarried and fathered six more children, but the two little girls by Juliaette went to live with Avery relatives.  There they learned more about Juliaette's gallant and industrious ways, aspiring to emulate her.  The older one, Mabel Rogene, worked hard at the Avery's, milking cows, etc.  She fell in love at eighteen with a young Wakefield man, but the aunts felt he drank too much and encouraged her to go visit her father, who had sold his farm and moved to Wakeeny, 200 miles west.  

Her sister, Ida, was working in a merchandise store in Wakeeny.  There was an opening for Mabel and they could live in an apartment above the store.  Ida had gone to business college and had met a young man who rode in every day from his farm to go to Agricultural college.  His name was Thomas (Delma) Hinshaw.  Ida introduced him to her sister, Mabel.  Mabel had big brown eyes and long brown hair done up in coils on top of her head.  She was thin and lithe and a very good dancer.  Thomas was much attracted to her over Ida, who was stockily built, straight blond hair and light blue eyes.  Her mouth was turned down at the corners and her teeth were very prominent.  

Soon Ida knew that Tom was in love with Mabel, and she complained to her father that Mabel had stolen Tom from her.  A.P. told Mabel to stay away from Tom as Ida loved him.  The more Mabel avoided Tom, the more determined he became.  On one occasion he was so eager to overtake Mabel and her escort en route to a barn dance while he was taking Ida in his buggy, that he ran over a skunk and was sprayed so badly that Ida became ill and Tom had to take her home.  Tom went seven miles to his home, changed clothes, and rode his pony back to the dance, arriving in time for the last dance.  While dancing with Mabel he told her he would never marry anyone else.  Mabel told him to "tell that to my father".  

After Tom and Mabel's wedding, they drove the seven miles from Wakeeny to Tom's farm.  When nearing the farm, Mabel saw a huge stack, higher than the house.  Tom told her it was their winter fuel supply - buffalo chips!  The farmhouse was part cave into a slight hill, and part stone and sod house with only two windows and a half a door to keep out the tumble weeds.  Mabel determined then and there to make this 160 acres turn into a better life.  She realized that Tom was no farmer, so she encouraged him to run for Sheriff of Trego County to which he was elected in 1904.  She ran the farm - raised cattle, hogs, and chickens.  She had two babies, Asahel Delma, and Ada, were born at home with no doctor present until hours later.  

When Tom was re-elected sheriff for the 1906-1907 term, Mabel sold the cattle and moved into Wakeeney.  Two more daughters were born: Hazel and Ruth.  Later, after Juliaette received $1,000 from her grandfather George Avery's estate, and Tom had completed his term, they moved back to Clay Center.  

In Clay Center Tom worked for his father-in-law, A.P., in the Lawrence Grocery store until he could run for sheriff of Clay County.  Tom was elected sheriff in 1912 and served two successive terms.  Tom and Mabel bought a home in Clay Center in which they lived when he was not sheriffing.  When in office Tom and Mabel lived in the home provided for the sheriff on the Court House grounds.  The Lawrence grocery was just across the Court House grounds.  

In 1920, Tom was elected for two terms.  When Tom was sheriff, Mabel became deputy sheriff, in charge of all the women prisoners.  She also cooked three meals a day for all the prisoners, kept the house, washed the clothes, and kept four children in school, and still had time to be Worthy Matron of the Eastern Star and work for the DAR.  It should be noted, however, there were not many prisoners in that jail during Sheriff T.D. Hinshaw's term.  

The children were active in sports and music and had many friends.  Hazel played the piano, Ruth played the clarinet, and the home was full of music.  There was always a musical group going, and their mother, Mabel, loved it when friends came to practice with them.  

After the family moved back to Clay Center, Ida, Mabel's younger sister, went to Kansas to learn the millinery trade.  When Arizona became a state in 1912, Ida moved to the copper-mining town of Douglas, AZ.  What courage it took for a single woman to start out on her own to run a millinery shop!  She stayed in the same shop for forty years.  During World War II she made money and invested it wisely.  She bought a huge brick home and rented rooms to schoolteachers.  

At 50 years of age she finally met the man she would marry.  A well-known engineer, he was hired to rebuild the big chimney for Dodge Copper smelter.  She made a name for herself, was a faithful member of the Methodist Church, and was a respected person in the community.  

Thus the Hinshaw family had heard the glowing stories about early Arizona from their aunt Ida, and in about 1918, Asahel ventured down to Douglas to work in the Bisbee copper mines.  Later he returned to Kansas, married, lived at Goodland, KS, for a time, but when the marriage ended he returned to Arizona and remarried.  Roosevelt Dam was already producing electricity, and the Salt River Power Company was in the process of putting up electric power lines to the outlying areas of the Salt River Valley.  Asahel went to work for the Power company as a foreman and continued until the project was finished.  This was a very challenging undertaking because of the mountains, canyons, and rough terrain.  In all he worked for the Water Users for about 15 years.  He loved the outdoors, and his hobbies were fishing and fine wood working.  

Asahel, in 1936, while employed as the chief engineer for Carl Pleasant Dam was bady injured in the collapse of a telephone pole which fell on him.  Benefitting from an insurance settlement and while recovering, attended Arizona State College, graduating with distinction.  He took a position teaching mathematics at Phoenix Technical School for a few years, then started his own electrical contracting business.  

Tom and Mabel, upon his retirement in 1925, moved from Clay Center to Phoenix, Arizona, where they made their home at 1332 E. Taylor St.  

In the meantime, in the early 1920's, Ada, his younger sister, had married in Kansas City but the marriage soon ended and she was back in Clay Center.  Hazel had graduated from high school at 17, tried a stint at teaching country school but elected to go to business school in Kansas City, returning to Clay Center as a secretary for a milling company.  Ruth, the youngest, was preparing to go to Emporia to attend college.  Mabel and Tom felt that this was a good time to retire and go to Ida's much-hailed Arizona.  Ada and Hazel decided to go with them.  

On a cold day in February, 1925, the four left Kansas in a new Model-T Ford, heading for a visit with Ida and later to Phoenix.  Earlier Ada had lived with Ida and learned to be a milliner.  In the beautiful, new boom town of Phoenix, Ada soon had a job in a millinery shop and Hazel as a secretary for the owner of a department store.  

In 1926 both girls married, Ada to Gilbert Allen, and Hazel to John Parkinson, a young automobile dealer who operated an agency in Cottonwood, AZ and later at Prescott then back to Phoenix, where their son Jack Thomas was born.  John went into the brokerage business and as it expanded, they moved several times.  In New Mexico they became interested in the crafts of the many Indian tribes, trading candy, fruit, and dress materials for pottery, rugs, and jewelry, and attending many of the tribal dances.  Later they moved to Texas, near enough to the Gulf to go deep sea fishing and hunting.  Trips into the remote areas of Old Mexico were exciting.  From Victoria, MX, they made a trip by mule pack train into the Sierra Madras Mountains, finding one area where the natives had never seen ice nor heard a car radio.  To a girl from the Kansas plains, it was very exciting!  But John died suddenly in May, 1939, and Hazel and little Jack Thomas returned to Phoenix to be near her family.  

Ruth, meanwhile, outstanding in music and theatre in high school, in 1924 went to Emporia Teachers College.  Her talents and outgoing personality caught the attention of her college music instructor, who had traveled the world with Sousa's band during WW I.  When Curt went to New York City to advance his degree, they eloped on a motorcycle to Kansas City.  

After two yeas in New York where Ruth worked at Wanamaker's Department Store, Curtis was offered a job by Prince Hopkins of the Singer Sewing Machine Company to head the music department in a school for American boys in France, and Ruth was to direct the plays.  After concerts and touring Europe on a motorcycle, Curt obtained a contract with Ohio University for the next term.  En route home they had many adventures returning on a slow boat via the Canary Islands, Cuba, New Orleans, and finally Houston, arriving flat broke in Phoenix where her parents were now living.  Curt got a $100 a month job, paying $50 of that for rent and $1 a day for food, but saving enough for his fare to Ohio for the Fall term.  Ruth remained in Phoenix for the birth of her baby.  The Stock Market crashed on the day Curtis Jr. was born, but Ruth managed to get to Ohio two months later.  

During their ten years in Athens, Ohio, Curtis built the band to 125 strong and had a marching formation that beat Ohio State at Columbus football games.  Ruth was able to attend college and continue her music and theater interests.  In the worst of the Depression, they built themselves a log cabin out of three ancient cabins reconstructing a 100 year-old fireplace by numbering each stone as they took it down.  However, it was a very discouraging experience for Ruth, hauling and unloading herself the used brick and water for the cement in five gallon cans, while Curt gave lessons to earn money to pay unemployed laborers $1 a day to help with the roof.  When completed, the cabin proved to give an uncomfortable existence, snowbound in winter and the cistern dry in the summer.  With Curtis Jr. Ruth left, going on her own to Phoenix, where she worked at Sears during the war years.  

At that time Ada had ended her marriage to G. G. Allen, Hazel and Ruth had both returned to Phoenix, and the three Hinshaw sisters were all back in Phoenix to start their lives over again.  However, during the war years, Ada, Hazel and Ruth all married again: Ada to Val Wright, a Phoenix businessman who had joined the Coast Guard; Hazel to William Chrouch, a railroad man who had joined the US Transportation Corps and served in the European Theater; and Ruth, to Albert Cuberly, a Government auditor who joined the Marine Recruiting Office in Phoenix.  After the war, Al was offered a job in San Francisco and Ruth obtained a transfer as Sears personnel manager, hiring over 1500 people for the new Geary [street] store.  She stayed with them for 18 years.  Hazel and Bill moved to Los Angeles where he was district sales manager for the next 25 years.  After Tom Hinshaw's death in 1944, Mabel visited both Ruth and Al in San Francisco, Bill and Hazel in Los Angeles, and Ada and Val in Phoenix.  

In 1956 the three sisters and their husbands flew to Hawaii on vacation, arriving back in SF in time to celebrate Mabel's 80th birthday.  Brother Asahel joined them there.  Mabel had always loved her Avery cousins back in Kansas and tried to go to most of the reunions.  She died at her home in Phoenix in 1965 at the age of 89.  

Ruth commented: "I've had a wonderful life and would do it all over again".  Hazel reminisces: "Mother's door was always open, and her family was her life.  All of us needed love and understanding many times in our lives and she was always there for us and our children.  She used to tell us 'Where there is a will, there is a way,' and she believed very strongly in the power of will.  This was a factor in all our lives and helped us all get through many trying times.  Mother, a little five fee two inches tall, was a tower of strength".

A biographical sketch of Thomas Hinshaw was also included in the book "Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc.":4

Thomas D. Hinshaw, sheriff of Clay county, Kansas, successful contractor and popular citizen, was born on his father's farm near Winchester, Randolph county, Indiana, June 12, 1873, a son of Thomas J. and Sarah (Mills) Hinshaw.  The elder Hinshaw was born in North Carolina in 1828, and came to Indiana, with his widowed mother, in 1840.  Here he became a farmer and, in 1879, removed to Kansas and located on Government land in Trego county.  He assisted in the organization of the county and was the first treasurer of Wakeeny township.  From the birth of the Republican party he was an ardent advocate of its principles and policies.  He was one of the most influential men in his party in western Kansas, and in his home county, Trego, he was one of the most potent factors in development and betterment.  As a farmer and stockman he was widely known for his success and honorable dealing.  He married, on October 25, 1850, Sarah Mills, who, like himself, was a member of the Quaker faith.  She was born at Fort Wayne, Ind., December 30, 1820, and died at Portland, Ind., February 17, 1905.  Her husband had preceded her in the rest eternal on June 16, 1891.  To this union fourteen children were born: Aaron, Jesse, Nathan, Franklin, Alva, Leonard, Emma and Thomas D., our subject, all of whom are living; Narcissa, Elijah, Elwood, Rebecca, Elmina and Woodard are deceased.  

Thomas D. Hinshaw was educated in the public schools of Trego county, and through study at home, where he prepared himself for examination for a teacher's certificate, which he secured, but did not avail himself of its privileges.  He learned the trade of a bricklayer and plasterer and became a building contractor.  Public affairs were of interest to him and he began taking an active part in the politics of his county soon after attaining his majority.  He, like his father, gave his allegiance to the Republican party, and was honored by his party with nomination for the office of sheriff in 1901, to which he was elected.  His administration of the business of this department of Trego county's official service was such that he was elected to succeed himself in 1903.  As an officer who enforced the law his record will bear comparison with any incumbent of the office of sheriff in the State.  The duties of this office allowed him ample time in which to conduct his business of building contractor, and in this line of endeavor he was successful.  He was, also, while a resident of Wakeeny, active in its civil affairs, serving as a member of its council for three years, as a member of its school board, and was clerk of the latter body.  In 1907 he disposed of his Trego county interests and removed to Clay Center, where he engaged in the retail grocery business, which he conducted for one year, and then reŽntered the contracting business.  In the latter line of activity he has constructed a number of the best buildings in Clay Center, is conceded to be its leading building contractor, and one who knows thoroughly all of the essentials which make for success in his line.  Since becoming a resident of Clay Center he has taken the same keen interest in civic affairs that obtained while he resided in Trego county.  His record as sheriff of Trego followed him and the result was that the Republicans of Clay county, who wanted an efficent officer in the sheriff's chair, elected him to the position in 1912.  It is needless to state that Clay county is under his administration enjoying law enforcement to the letter.  Mr. Hinshaw has always made good as a contractor, councilman and as sheriff.  His methods have been clean, capable and honest and he possesses a popularity that is deserved.  

Mr. Hinshaw married, on October 20, 1898, Miss Mabel, daughter of A. P. Lawrence, a retired merchant of Clay Center.  She was born on her father's farm in Clay county on March 25, 1876.  Mr. Lawrence is a native of Vermont, a veteran of the Civil war, and came to Clay county in 1866, locating on Government land five miles south of Clay Center.  He participated in the organization of the county, was active and influential in county affairs and has served in various county offices.  He has been identified with the commercial development of Clay Center since its early days, was a success as a merchant and possesses the esteem of his fellow citizens.  

Mr. and Mrs. Hinshaw are the parents of four children: Asahel Delma, born September 30, 1900; Ada Blanche, born February 14, 1902; Emma Hazel, born January 5, 1904, and Mabel Ruth, born January 10, 1906.  Mrs. Hinshaw is a woman of culture, well informed, and is prominent in the social and religious life of Clay Center.  She is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church and is assistant probation officer of Clay county.

(photo)Photo: Thomas Delma Hinshaw World War I draft registration card 14

(photo)Photo: Thomas Delma Hinshaw family 1920 22

(photo)Photo: Thomas Delma Hinshaw death certificate Maricopa County, Arizona 17


  1. Contribution from Frank Machala Hinshaw.
  2. 1900 census, Wakeeney Township, Trego County, Kansas; roll T623-502, ED 187, page 6B, line #85, dwelling #156, family #156.
  3. Contribution from Lawrence Hinshaw.
  4. Biography of Thomas D. Hinshaw; "Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history ..."; USGenWeb Archives:
  5. 1910 census, Clay Center, Clay County, Kansas; roll T624-434, ED 4, page 95B, line #75, dwelling #443, family #456.
  6. RootsWeb California Death Records database:
  7. Biography of Thomas D. Hinshaw; USGenWeb Archives:
  8. Contribution from Larry Hinshaw.
  9. RootsWeb California Death Index:
  10. The Church Of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) International Genealogical Index (IGI) - Indiana.
  11. "Abstracts of the Records of the Society of Friends in Indiana", Part 2, subtitled "Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Volume VII", (a compendium of many of the records left by William Wade Hinshaw on his death), edited by Willard Heiss; GS929.3 H47 in a local library.
  12. "Webster Parry's Abstracts of Quaker Records", LDS microfilm #0367987
  13. 1880 census, Township 13, Trego County, Kansas; roll T9-0398, ED 316, page 327B, line #41, dwelling #78, family #78.
  14. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918;
  15. 1920 census, Clay Center, Clay County, Kansas; roll T625-0527, ED 4, page 16A, line #43, dwelling #409, family #420.
  16. 1930 census, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona; roll T626-58, ED 29, page 11A, line #1, dwelling #213, family #215.
  17. Death certificate of Thomas Delma Hinshaw; State of Arizona, Department of Health Services:
  18. 1880 LDS census index, Union Township, Clay County, Kansas; roll T9-0376, page 136A.
  19. 1900 census, Wakeeney Township, Trego County, Kansas; roll T623-502, ED 187, page 7B, line #68, dwelling #176, family #176.
  20. "History and Roster of the Kansas State Guard, August 6, 1917, to November 11, 1919";
    Kansas State Printing Plant, B. P. Walker, State Printer, Topeka. 1925;
    Kansas State Library Archives:
  21. 1930 census, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona; roll T626-58, ED 33, page 8B, line #73, dwelling #213, family #215.
  22. Ancestry Family Tree data "Thomas Delma Hinshaw family" posted by "LawrenceHinshaw" (Lawrence Hinshaw).

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