Thomas J. Hinshaw

 1. William Henshall  m Margerie Gyll 
 2.. Thomas Henshall (?-c1631) m - Kendrick 
 3... John Henshall (1611-c1687) m Elizabeth - 
 4.... William Hinshaw (?-1699) m Elizabeth - 
 5..... Thomas Hinshaw (c1680-?) m Mary Marshall (c1685-?)
 6...... Jacob Hinshaw (1710-1796) m Rebecca Mackey (c1716-1796)
 7....... Benjamin Hinshaw (1738-1840) m Elisabeth Hinshaw (1750-1823)
 8........ Jacob A. Hinshaw (1778-1826) m Phebe Allen (1789-1869)
 9......... Thomas J. Hinshaw (1822-1896)
            +Sarah Mills (1826-1904)
10..........  Aaron M. Hinshaw (1846-1926) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11
10..........  Narcissa Hinshaw (1847-1865) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,10,11
10..........  Jesse Mills Hinshaw (1849-?) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,10,12,13
10..........  Elmina Hinshaw (1851-1913) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10
10..........  Rebecca Hinshaw (1853-1858) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
10..........  Elwood Hinshaw (1855-1861) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10
10..........  Nathan Mills Hinshaw (1857-1917) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10,12,14
10..........  Dr. Franklin Abile Hinshaw (1859-1934) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,10,12,15
10..........  Elijah Hinshaw (1860-1864) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7
10..........  Alva P. Hinshaw (1863-1949) 2,6,7,12,15
10..........  Leonard Hinshaw (1864-1932) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,12,15
10..........  Emma Hinshaw (1866-1935) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,11,12,15,16
10..........  Woodward Hinshaw (1868-<1880) 1,2,3,4,6,7,12
10..........  Thomas Delma Hinshaw (1873-1944) 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,15,17
Thomas J. Hinshaw     [ID 00250] Click here to switch to Ancestror Tree view: Tree View

Thomas J. Hinshaw1,2,3,4,7,8,9,11,18,19 [Thomas I. Hinshaw1,2,13,20, Thomas Ira Hinshaw6, Thomas P. Hinshaw21].

Born Nov 30 1822, Holly Spring MM, Randolph County, North Carolina.1,2,4,18,20,22,23  Note: Holly Spring records show Thomas was born 11 Mo. 30 1822, but Cherry Grove (Indiana) Quaker records, as well as some family records, show his birth date as 12 Mo. 30, 1822.  His gravestone shows only 1822, but his obituary shows 12-30-1822.24  

Thomas' father died when he was only three years old.20  When Thomas was 9 years old (1832), his widowed mother moved the family to Randolph County, Indiana.20  

He married Sarah Mills, Oct 4 1845, Wayne County, Indiana.1,2,4,13,25,26  Sarah, daughter of Aaron Mills & Rebecca Small2,27, was born Dec 17 18262,27 [Dec 7 182623, Oct 17 18264,11, Dec 30 18207], Indiana2,27 [Fort Wayne, Indiana7].  

At Cherry Grove MM on 11-8-1845, Thomas, Lynn meeting, was complained of for marrying contrary to discipline with a member.2  "12-10-1846 condemned his misconduct".2  

New Garden MM on 12-20-1845, recorded "Sarah Hinshaw (formerly Mills) reported married contrary to discipline by Arba PM".2  

At New Garden MM on 2-21-1846, Sarah condemned her marriage contrary to discipline.2  

At Cherry Grove MM on 12-12-1846, Thomas was granted a certificate to White River MM.2  

At White River MM on 1-2-1847, Thomas was received on a certificate from Cherry Grove MM.2  

At New Garden MM on 4-15-1848, Sarah & children Aaron & Narcissa were granted a certificate to White River MM.2  

At White River MM on 6-3-1848, Sarah & daughter Narcissa and son Aaron were received on a certificate from New Garden MM.2  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1850 census, Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana:9

Thomas J. Hinshaw, age 26, born in North Carolina; farmer; $800 real estate.
Sarah Hinshaw, age 22, born in Indiana.
Aaron Hinshaw, age 3, born in Indiana.
Narcissa Hinshaw, age 2, born in Indiana.
Jesse Hinshaw, age 9 months, born in Indiana.
Phebe Mills, age 59, born in North Carolina.
Hannah Hinshaw, age 10, born in Indiana.
Jacob Hinshaw, age 7, born in Indiana.
Living next door was brother Nathan Hinshaw.  Note that Thomas and Sarah had taken in Phebe Mills (an aunt??) as well as Hannah and Jacob, orphans of brother Enos Hinshaw who had died in 1843.  

At White River MM on 3-1-1851, Thomas & family were granted a certificate to Cherry Grove MM.2  

At Cherry Grove MM on 3-8-1851, Thomas J. & sons Aaron & Jesse, and Sarah & daughter Narcissa were received on certificates from White River MM.2  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1860 census, Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana:10

Thomas Hinshaw, age 36, born in North Carolina; farmer; $2500 real estate; $400 personal property.
Sarah Hinshaw, age 33, born in Indiana.
Aron Hinshaw, age 13, born in Indiana; attended school.
Narcissa Hinshaw, age 12, born in Indiana; attended school.
Jesse Hinshaw, age 10, born in Indiana; attended school.
Elmina Hinshaw, age 8, born in Indiana.
Elwood Hinshaw, age 5, born in Indiana.
Nathan Hinshaw, age 4, born in Indiana.
Franklin Hinshaw, age 1, born in Indiana.
George Peelle, black, age 22, born in North Carolina; day laborer.

Thomas and family were shown in the 1870 census (Jul 20 1870), Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana:12

Hinshaw, Thos J, age 47, born in North Carolina; farmer; $4000 real estate; $800 personal property.
Hinshaw, Sarah, age 43, born in Indiana; keeps house.
Hinshaw, Jesse, age 20, born in Indiana.
Hinshaw, Nathan, age 13, born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Franklin, age 11, born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Alva, age 7, born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Leonard, age 5, born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Emma, age 3, born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Woodard, age 1, born in Indiana.
Brewer, E.E., female age 19, born in North Carolina; house keeper.
Mills, Rebecca, age 62, born in Ohio; $1200 real estate; $50 personal property.
Living next door in 1870 was the family of nephew William Lawrence Hinshaw.28  Also living nearby was son Aaron and his wife.29  

In 1879 Thomas removed to Kansas, settling on government land in Trego County.7  

Thomas and family were shown in the 1880 census (Jun 8 1880), Trego County, Kansas:15

Hinshaw, Thomas, age 57, born in North Carolina; parents born in North Carolina; farmer.
Hinshaw, Sarah, wife, age 53, born in Indiana; father born in Indiana; mother born in Ohio; keeping house.
Hinshaw, Franklin, son, age 21, born in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; [..occupation unclear..].
Hinshaw, Alvah, son, age 17, born in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; works on farm.
Hinshaw, Lenard, son, age 15, born in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; works on farm.
Hinshaw, Thomas, son, age 6, born in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Emma, daughter, age 13, born in Indiana; father born in North Carolina; mother born in Indiana; attended school.
Hinshaw, Rachel, daughter-in-law, age 20, born in Iowa; father born in Ohio; mother born in Illinois.
Hinshaw, Bertha W., granddaughter, age 8 months, born Sep 1879 in Kansas; father born in Indiana; mother born in Iowa.

The following article was published in "The Winona Clipper" (Winona, Logan County, Kansas) on Thursday, December 22, 1887 (Vol. 1 No. 4, pg. 1 col. 2):30

T. J. HINSHAW, an old farmer, in addressing a Trego county district school, recently, stated that when he attended school 40 years ago, the dinner of the children was saur kraut [sic].  The children of each family carried a tin pail of saur kraut [sic] to school and the pails were all ranged around the fire to thaw out by dinner time.

At Cherry Grove MM on 5-11-1889, Thomas & wife were granted a certificate to Trego MM, Kansas.2  Their children's certificates followed four months later.2  Note that this was ten years after Thomas and family had moved to Kansas (apparently they were requesting a certificate of removal from Cherry Grove MM in order to join Trego MM).  

Thomas J. Hinshaw died Jun 7 1896, Wakeeney, Trego County, Kansas; buried Wakeeny Cemetery, WaKeeney, Trego County, Kansas.18,19,23,24,31  

Thomas' obituary was published June 19, 1896 in the Lynn (Indiana) Tribune:19

Thomas J. Hinshaw, aged 73, a brother of J. A. Hinshaw of this place, died at his home in Wakeeney, Kansas on Sunday June 7th.  Mr. Hinshaw was born in North Carolina and remained there until his eleventh year when his mother moved to a farm in this County which is now the town of Lynn.  He was united in marriage to Sarah Mills, a sister of ex-commissioner Mills, and fourteen children blessed this union.  About twenty years ago he moved to Kansas whee he has resided ever since.  He leaves many friends and relatives in this community.

Widow Sarah was shown in the 1900 census (Jun 4-5 1900), living in the household of daughter Emma, 364 Rhode Island St., Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas:16

Hinshaw, Sarah, mother-in-law, age 73, born [Oct, lined-out and overwritten with Dec] 1826 in Ohio; father born in Indiana; mother born in Ohio; widow; 2 children, 2 living [sic].

In 1904 Sarah was a member of Mt. Ayr MM, Kansas.32  

Sarah died Dec 31 19044,32,33,34,35 [Dec 30 190436,37], Portland, Jay County, Indiana4,32,33,34,35; age 784,32,33,34,35.  Sarah died while living with her daughter Elmina in Portland, Indiana.35  

Sarah's obituary was published in "The American Friend" on January 19, 1905 (page 48).32  

In March, 1979, the 100th anniversary edition of the "Western Kansas World" reprinted the following biographical sketch of Thomas J. Hinshaw:38

On the 26th of February, 1879, Thomas J. Hinshaw landed in WaKeeney.  He, in the company of forty others from Randolph County, Indiana, had chartered a passenger coach with the intention of forming a Hoosier colony in this western land.  

During the journey, the youngest son of Mr. Hinshaw was stricken with scarlet fever, and, as a consequence, upon arriving in Wakeeny, no one would admit them to his house for fear of contracting the disease.  

Thus they were obliged to build before they could procure shelter.  In rough board shanties, located in the west part of town, near where the Badger Lumber Co's lumber yard stands, the family, for three weeks, endured the rigors of winter and the ravages of fever.  

They were told by the land agents that no public land could be secured near town, and, at one time, were induced to look at land south of the Smoky river but Mr. Hinshaw could not be prevailed upon to settle so far from town.  He at last gave one Allen, afterward sheriff of Trego county, five dollars to locate him upon a quarter of school land in section 36-13-24 eleven miles southwest of Wakeeny.  Upon arriving at this place, death immediately visited the family, two of whose members lay dead in the house the same day, the work of fever.  

During the fall of 1878 a prairie fire had swept over the country and the settlers were compelled to buy hay in town paying from $16 to $20 a ton.  

Early in the spring, with two teams, Mr. Hinshaw drove to Jewell county, a distance of 150 miles, to buy corn for his horses, that being the nearest point where it could be procured at reasonable rates.  During this trip he procured the first of his nursery stock, and as he has always been interested in fruit culture, he soon had a fine orchard and several acres of timber in a flourishing condition.  Even now the site of this settlement may be found by the number of trees that still grow there.  

Milch cows were very scarce and commanded a high price.  After a few experiences in trying to break the Texas cows that were offered them by the cowboys, and a year without milk, a cow was secured in Graham county.  The owner was needing money very badly and was induced to part with her for $25 which was considered "dirt cheap" at the time.  

By June of their first year their small store of money was exhausted, and, as their was no work to be had, the only means of keeping soul and body together was by collecting and selling buffalo bones which then brought from $8 to $10 a ton.  During the late summer, his boys, with a scythe, cut all the hay to be found within miles and sold it in town for $9 a ton.  This was poor, three cornered rush grass, which only grew in scanty patches in bottoms of the larger draws.  Now, in many places, and acre of upland will produce as much good hays as twenty-five would then of the best draw or bottom land.  

Through the discouraging droughty years of1879, 1880, and 1881 the family lived as best it could, often living on scanty rations, sometimes consisting of boiled rice-corn, sorghum molasses and blackeyed beans.  This, to people used to plenty in the East, was terrible, but never for once was hope lost, nor did the thought of abandoning the country once enter their heads.  

Dear reader, permit us to digress enough to ask if the "Roll of Honor" is a misnomer when applied to early settlers of Trego county like these?  

But the land upon which Mr. Hinshaw had located did not suit him as the water found there was tainted with shale.  In February, 1882, he bought the relinquishment to the southeast quarter of section 20-13-23, seven miles south of Wakeeny, to which place he immediately moved, living in a small dugout for a time.  Almost the first thing done by him was to drive to Osborne county for a fresh supply of fruit trees.  He next began the erection of a comfortable stone house.  In the midst of this one of the horses died.  With the remaining horse and a two year old Texas heifer, which was drafted into the service, he completed hauling the stone necessary for the house.  Two of his sons now worked upon the railroad and every endeavor was made by the entire family to earn a livelihood.  

Between this time and 1886 quite a herd of cattle were gathered together but during the terrible blizzard of that year that his attention was turned from stock raising to horticulture almost exclusively, and in which he has been very successful.  

In spite of the discouraging remarks of friends and neighbors, who offered the gratuitous assertion that he would fail, Mr. Hinshaw kept to work on his favorite hobby, which has long since paid him for his pains.  

In his orchard may be seen the principal varieties of all the fruit bearing trees and shrubs found in temperate climes.  Apples, crab-apples, apricots, peaches, prunes, many varieties of plums, cherries, grapes, rasberries, currants, gooseberries, blackberries, juneberries, etc., are all found there, nearly all of which have borne well.  Even this year which witnessed nearly a complete failure of fruit in many localities, saw his orchard fairly well laden with fruit.  He has devoted considerable time to the production of new varieties of fruit.  Among his achievements in this line we will only mention two of his best, the "Prairie Queen" and "Trego’s Beauty" plums.  Better fruit we have never seen. They are unexcelled for size and flavor.  

Mr. Hinshaw has proven to his own satisfaction that fruit trees will grow as fast and bear as well here as in any location he has ever visited.  

One of the fruits he prizes very highly is the native strawberry, the first stock of which he secured from near a spring, west of where Wilcox postoffice is now situated.  It thrives through all the changes of seasons and bears abundantly, a fine, well favored berry about and inch in diameter.  

A natural curiosity to be seen at his place, is a dwarf seedling apple tree.  This shrub, which reach to a high of five feet, and has not the least sign of trunk, but the branches start directly from the ground, nor can it be trained into a tree, yet each year sees it loaded with delicious apples of a bright, golden color.  

Besides the fruit trees, he has also several varieties of forest trees that thrive well under his proper care.  Among which are "Balm of Gilead" mulberry, graw willow, red elm, white elm, box elder and walnut.  The walnuts have borne nuts quite freely considering their age.  

He also has many varieties of ornamental shrubs, rose bushes, lilacs etc.  

He delights to show his grounds to all visitors who are interested in fruit culture, of which he is an enthusiast.  

Mr. and Mrs. Hinshaw are getting well along in years though they enjoy robust health, which they attribute wholly to this climate, as they have never experienced the same blessing in any other locality in which they have ever resided.  

They have reared a large family of fourteen sons and daughters.  Of this number four sons and one daughter now reside in Trego county.  

Of the colony which came with them they are the only ones who remain to reap the benefits of the development of our county.  The remained could not endure the hardships incident to frontier life, little dreaming of the reward in store for those who had the courage to remain.

A biographical sketch of son Thomas Delma Hinshaw was included in the book "Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc.", which mentions the following about Thomas & Sarah:7

Thomas D. Hinshaw, sheriff of Clay county, Kansas, successful contractor and popular citizen, was born on his father's farm near Winchester, Randolph county, Indiana, June 12, 1873, a son of Thomas J. and Sarah (Mills) Hinshaw.  The elder Hinshaw was born in North Carolina in 1828, and came to Indiana, with his widowed mother, in 1840.  Here he became a farmer and, in 1879, removed to Kansas and located on Government land in Trego county.  He assisted in the organization of the county and was the first treasurer of Wakeeny township.  From the birth of the Republican party he was an ardent advocate of its principles and policies.  He was one of the most influential men in his party in western Kansas, and in his home county, Trego, he was one of the most potent factors in development and betterment.  As a farmer and stockman he was widely known for his success and honorable dealing.  He married, on October 25, 1850, Sarah Mills, who, like himself, was a member of the Quaker faith.  She was born at Fort Wayne, Ind., December 30, 1820, and died at Portland, Ind., February 17, 1905.  Her husband had preceded her in the rest eternal on June 16, 1891.  To this union fourteen children were born: Aaron, Jesse, Nathan, Franklin, Alva, Leonard, Emma and Thomas D., our subject, all of whom are living; Narcissa, Elijah, Elwood, Rebecca, Elmina and Woodard are deceased.

Another biographical sketch was published in the First United Presbyterian Church Centenial Book (1878-1978):21

Thomas P. Hinshaw, his wife Sarah, and their fourteen children came with a group of Quakers by wagon train from Randolph County, Indiana to Trego County, Kansas in 1879.  The family located on land eleven miles southwest of WaKeeney, but the water was tainted with shale, so in 1882, Thomas bought the relinquishment to a quarter of land seven mies south of town, where he made his home.  He raised cattle and started his successful orchard as a hobby.  He proved that fruit trees could be grown in this part of the country, and his grounds were visited by many.  Thomas and Sarah had a large family, but only four sons and one daughter resided in Trego County.  One son, Thomas D., was elected sheriff in 1904 and served serveral years.  He later moved to Florida.  Another son, Alva P., while a young man, worked on the Union Pacific Railroad, extending the tracks to the Colorado line.

(photo)Photo: Thomas Hinshaw 21

(photo)Photo: Thomas J. Hinshaw gravestone Wakeeney City Cemetery 36

(photo)Photo: Sarah Mills gravestone Green Park Cemetery 36

(photo)Photo: Sarah Mills gravestone Green Park Cemetery 37


  1. The Church Of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (LDS) International Genealogical Index (IGI) - Indiana.
  2. "Abstracts of the Records of the Society of Friends in Indiana", Part 2, subtitled "Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Volume VII", (a compendium of many of the records left by William Wade Hinshaw on his death), edited by Willard Heiss; GS929.3 H47 in a local library.
  3. Family lineage contributed by Edwin Everett Hinshaw
  4. "Webster Parry's Abstracts of Quaker Records", LDS microfilm #0367987
  5. The old family bible of Chester Edward Hinshaw, containing family lineage information recorded by Rosina Harriet Hinshaw, contributed by Marion Hinshaw and Heather Hinshaw-Tomas.
  6. "The Hinshaw Family", an extensive family history manuscript by Heather Hinshaw-Tomas
  7. Biography of Thomas D. Hinshaw; USGenWeb Archives:
  8. Family group sheets contributed by Kent Myrick ()
  9. 1850 census, Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana; roll 168, pg 46, household #78.
  10. 1860 census, Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana; page 733, line #3, dwelling #286, household #278.
  11. "Hinshaw Family": a collection of family group sheets by Edna Harvey Joseph; LDS FHL microfilm #1572018 items 8-10 and #1572019 items 1-4
  12. 1870 census, Winchester P.O., Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana; roll M593-354, page 460, line #26, dwelling #367, household #367.
  13. "Abstracts of the Records of the Society of Friends in Indiana", Part 3, subtitled "Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Volume VII", (a compendium of many of the records left by William Wade Hinshaw on his death), edited by Willard Heiss; GS929.3 H47 in a local library.
  14. Death certificate for Nathan Mills Hinshaw.
  15. 1880 census, Township 13, Trego County, Kansas; roll T9-0398, ED 316, page 327B, line #41, dwelling #78, family #78.
  16. 1900 census, 5th Ward, Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas; roll T623-479, ED 64, page 7B, line #64, dwelling #155, family #165.
  17. Death certificate of Thomas Delma Hinshaw;
    State of Arizona, Department of Health Services:
  18. Contribution from Edward Carlile Henshaw citing:
    Gravestone of Thomas J. Hinshaw, Wakeeney, Kansas.
  19. Obituary of Thomas J. Hinshaw, "The Lynn Tribune" (Randolph County, Indiana), Jun 19 1896:
  20. "Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy", by William Wade Hinshaw, in many well-stocked libraries.
  21. Biographical sketch of Thomas P. Hinshaw; Trego County, Kansas USGenWeb:
  22. Family Group sheets gathered at the 1992 Hinshaw reunion, submitted by attendees.
  23. Contribution from .
  24. Contribution from Edward Carlile Henshaw citing:
    Obituary of Thomas J. Hinshaw, "Western Kansas World", June 13, 1896.
  25. "Index of Indiana Marriages Through 1850", Indiana State Library, Genealogy Division:
  26. Wayne County, Indiana, marriage records database:
  27. Julie Anne Ward () database:
  28. 1870 census, Winchester P.O., Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana; roll M593-354, page 460, line #37, dwelling #368, household #368.
  29. 1870 census, Winchester P.O., Washington Township, Randolph County, Indiana; roll M593-354, page 459, line #40, dwelling #360, household #360.
  30. Posting Feb 18 2008 by () to KS-OLD-NEWSPAPERS-L.
  31. Trego County, Kansas cemeteries; USGenWeb Archives:
  32. Earlham College Library; "American Friend Obituary Index":
  33. Jay County, Indiana Index to Death Records, 1882-1920, Volume 1;
    Indiana Works Progress Administration; book H-5, page 28.
  34. Indiana Deaths, 1882-1920;
  35. Contribution from Edward Carlile Henshaw citing:
    Obituary of Sarah Mills Hinshaw.
  36. Contribution from Lawrence Hinshaw, citing: gravestone.
  38. Contribution from Lawrence Hinshaw citing:
    "Western Kansas World", 100th anniversary issue, March, 1979; page 2E.

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